Problem-solving processes in humans and computers theory and research in psychology and artificial intelligence by Morton Wagman

Cover of: Problem-solving processes in humans and computers | Morton Wagman

Published by Praeger in Westport, Conn .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Problem solving,
  • Problem solving -- Data processing,
  • Artificial intelligence,
  • Cognitive science

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. [211]-222) and indexes

Book details

StatementMorton Wagman
Classifications
LC ClassificationsBF449 .W34 2002
The Physical Object
Paginationxvii, 230 p. :
Number of Pages230
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17038726M
ISBN 100275970876
LC Control Number2001032928

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of Human Problem Solving," our research group re-ported on the results of its first two years of activ-ity in programming a digital computer to perform problem-solving tasks that are difficult for humans. Problem solving was regarded by many, at that time, as a mystical, almost magical, human activity as though the preservation of human dignity de- Get this from a library.

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98 the cognitive process of human problem solving in ord er to 99 develop a solid and coherent theoretical foundation for integrating various theories, models, and practices of prob- Clearly, humans and typical current computers have rather different functional or cognitive architectures.

Thus, insights into the role of cognitive ar­ chitecture in performance may be gained by comparing typical human problem solving with efficient machine problem solving over a range of tasks.

Readers may notice that there is little mention The first of three main parts considers the analysis of problem structures and the strategies used in solving problems, exploring the concept of humans as active processors of information.

This leads, in the second part, to an examination of the role of previous experience in solving (new) problems, and of the use of computers to model the Problem-Solving Strategies.

Algorithms: An algorithm is a step-by-step procedure that will always produce a correct solution. A mathematical formula is a good example of a problem-solving algorithm.

While an algorithm guarantees an accurate answer, it is not always the best approach to :// Cyberpsychology is about humans and computers and the psychology of how they interact.

Computers permeate nearly every human activity in the modern world and affect human behavior from the most basic sensory-motor interactions to the most complex cognitive and social ://.

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